Thai Red Curry

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Part 1: Preparation


Thai Red Curry is a symphony of flavors, combining the richness of coconut milk with the boldness of red curry paste and an array of fresh vegetables and proteins. This aromatic and comforting dish is a favorite in Thai cuisine, celebrated for its balance of sweet, savory, and spicy notes. In this comprehensive recipe, we’ll guide you through the process of creating an authentic Thai Red Curry from scratch, allowing you to customize the heat level and ingredients to suit your taste preferences. Get ready to embark on a culinary journey to Thailand in your own kitchen!


For the Curry Paste:

  • 3-4 dried red chili peppers (adjust for spice level)
  • 2-3 shallots, peeled and chopped
  • 4 garlic cloves, peeled
  • 1-inch piece of fresh ginger, peeled and chopped
  • 1 stalk lemongrass, sliced (optional)
  • 1 teaspoon ground coriander
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1/2 teaspoon paprika
  • 1/2 teaspoon shrimp paste (optional, omit for vegetarian/vegan)
  • 2-3 fresh kaffir lime leaves (optional)
  • 1-2 tablespoons water (as needed)

For the Curry:

  • 1-2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 pound (450g) protein of choice (chicken, tofu, shrimp, or vegetables)
  • 1 can (14 ounces) coconut milk
  • 1-2 tablespoons Thai fish sauce or soy sauce (for vegetarian/vegan)
  • 1-2 tablespoons palm or brown sugar
  • Assorted vegetables (bell peppers, zucchini, bamboo shoots, etc.)
  • Fresh Thai basil leaves or regular basil leaves (for garnish)
  • Cooked jasmine rice for serving

Preparation of Curry Paste:

Before we dive into cooking the Thai Red Curry, let’s start by preparing the essential element: the red curry paste.

  1. Soak the Dried Chilies: Begin by soaking the dried red chili peppers in hot water for about 15-20 minutes or until they become pliable.
  2. Combine Ingredients: In a food processor or mortar and pestle, combine the soaked red chilies, chopped shallots, garlic cloves, fresh ginger, lemongrass (if using), ground coriander, ground cumin, paprika, shrimp paste (if using), and fresh kaffir lime leaves (if available). Add a bit of water as needed to help blend the ingredients smoothly.
  3. Blend to a Paste: Process or pound the ingredients until they form a smooth, fragrant paste. You may need to scrape down the sides of the food processor or mortar and pestle a few times to ensure everything is well incorporated.
  4. Taste and Adjust: Taste the curry paste and adjust the flavor to your liking. You can add more dried chilies for heat, lime leaves for citrusy notes, or sugar for sweetness. Remember, you can always start with a milder version and add more heat later.

Storage: The homemade curry paste can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to a week or frozen for longer storage.

By preparing your own red curry paste, you’re already taking a significant step towards creating an authentic and flavourful Thai Red Curry. With this paste ready, we’re now set to move on to the next part: cooking the curry itself.

Part 2: Cooking

Cooking Thai Red Curry:

Now that we have our freshly prepared red curry paste, it’s time to use it to create a delicious Thai Red Curry.

  1. Heat the Vegetable Oil: In a large skillet or wok, heat 1-2 tablespoons of vegetable oil over medium-high heat. Allow the oil to become hot but not smoking.
  2. Add the Curry Paste: Once the oil is hot, add the red curry paste that you’ve prepared. Stir-fry the paste for about 1-2 minutes, or until it becomes fragrant and the oils begin to separate. This step is crucial as it releases the full flavor of the spices and aromatics in the paste.
  3. Add the Protein: Next, add your choice of protein (chicken, tofu, shrimp, or vegetables). Stir-fry the protein until it’s fully coated with the curry paste and begins to brown. The cooking time will vary depending on the protein choice, so follow the guidelines below:
    • Chicken: Cook until no longer pink, about 5-7 minutes.
    • Tofu: Cook for about 3-4 minutes until lightly browned.
    • Shrimp: Cook for 2-3 minutes until they turn pink and opaque.
    • Vegetables: Stir-fry until they begin to soften, about 3-5 minutes.
  4. Pour in the Coconut Milk: Once the protein or vegetables are cooked to your liking, pour in a can (14 ounces) of coconut milk. Stir well to combine the coconut milk with the curry paste and protein.
  5. Season the Curry: Season the curry with 1-2 tablespoons of Thai fish sauce (for non-vegetarian) or soy sauce (for vegetarian/vegan), and 1-2 tablespoons of palm or brown sugar. Adjust the seasoning to taste. These ingredients add the signature balance of salty and sweet flavors that Thai cuisine is known for.
  6. Add the Vegetables: Now, add your assortment of vegetables. You can use bell peppers, zucchini, bamboo shoots, or any other favorites you prefer. Stir to combine and allow the vegetables to simmer in the curry until they’re tender yet still crisp.
  7. Simmer and Finish: Reduce the heat to low and let the curry simmer for about 5-10 minutes, allowing all the flavors to meld together. Taste and adjust the seasoning if needed. The consistency of the curry should be thick and rich.
  8. Garnish and Serve: Just before serving, garnish your Thai Red Curry with fresh Thai basil leaves or regular basil leaves. The basil adds a wonderful aroma and freshness to the dish. Serve the curry hot with jasmine rice on the side.

Optional Serving Tips:

  • For an extra burst of flavor and texture, you can also add some lime juice, fresh cilantro, or chopped scallions as additional garnishes.
  • Serve your Thai Red Curry with jasmine rice or noodles for a satisfying and complete meal.

Enjoy your homemade Thai Red Curry!

With these steps, you’ve created a flavourful and aromatic Thai Red Curry that captures the essence of Thai cuisine. It’s a perfect balance of sweet, savoury, and spicy, ready to be savoured with friends and family. In the final part, we’ll provide tips on storing any leftovers and offer a brief conclusion to your culinary journey.

Serving Thai Red Curry:

Now that your Thai Red Curry is prepared to perfection, it’s time to savor and share this delicious dish.

  1. Portion the Curry: Ladle your fragrant Thai Red Curry into individual serving bowls.
  2. Garnish as Desired: Garnish each bowl with a few fresh Thai basil leaves or regular basil leaves. These aromatic herbs not only enhance the presentation but also add a delightful burst of flavor.
  3. Accompaniments: Serve your Thai Red Curry hot with a side of jasmine rice or noodles. The mild, fragrant jasmine rice is a traditional choice that pairs beautifully with the rich and spicy curry.

Optional Serving Tips:

  • For an extra zing of flavor, you can offer lime wedges on the side. A squeeze of fresh lime juice just before eating adds a bright and citrusy contrast to the creamy curry.

Storing Leftovers:

If you find yourself with leftover Thai Red Curry, here’s how to store it properly for later enjoyment.

  1. Cooling: Allow the curry to cool to room temperature before refrigerating.
  2. Airtight Container: Transfer any remaining curry into an airtight container.
  3. Refrigerate: Store the container in the refrigerator for up to 2-3 days. Like many curry dishes, Thai Red Curry tends to develop even richer flavors when left to sit, making it an excellent choice for leftovers.


Thai Red Curry is a culinary masterpiece that captures the essence of Thai cuisine with its harmonious blend of flavors and textures. From the fragrant and spicy red curry paste to the rich and creamy coconut milk, every bite is a journey to the vibrant street food stalls of Thailand. Whether you prefer it with chicken, tofu, shrimp, or a medley of vegetables, this dish is a testament to the culinary artistry of Thai cuisine. We hope you’ve enjoyed this adventure in your own kitchen and that Thai Red Curry becomes a beloved favorite.

Enjoy your homemade Thai Red Curry!

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